Active Directory LDAP Medium
This module provides an overview of Active Directory (AD), introduces core AD enumeration concepts, and covers enumeration with built-in tools.
This module introduces Active Directory, the LDAP protocol, working with LDAP and AD search filters, and various built-in tools that can be used to "live off the land" when enumerating a Windows AD environment. In this module, we will cover:
- An intro to Active Directory
- Rights and Privileges in AD
- LDAP and AD Search Filters
- Enumerating AD with built-in tools
This module is broken down into sections with accompanying hands-on exercises to practice each of the tactics and techniques we cover. The module ends with a practical hands-on skills assessment to gauge your understanding of the various topic areas.
As you work through the module, you will see example commands and command output for the various topics introduced. It is worth reproducing as many of these examples as possible to reinforce further the concepts introduced in each section. You can do this in the Pwnbox provided in the interactive sections, Windows machines in a lab environment as directed, or your own virtual machine.
You can start and stop the module at any time and pick up where you left off. There is no time limit or "grading," but you must complete all of the exercises and the skills assessment to receive the maximum number of cubes and have this module marked as complete in any paths you have chosen.
The module is classified as "Medium" and assumes a working knowledge of Active Directory, the Linux and Windows command line, PowerShell, and an understanding of information security fundamentals.
A firm grasp of the following modules can be considered prerequisites for successful completion of this module:
- Introduction to Networking
- Linux Fundamentals
- Active Directory Overview
- Why Enumerate AD?
- Rights and Privileges in AD
- Microsoft Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT)
- The Power of NT AUTHORITY\SYSTEM
- LDAP Overview
- Active Directory Search Filters
- LDAP Search Filters
- Enumerating Active Directory with Built-in Tools
- LDAP Anonymous Bind
- Credentialed LDAP Enumeration
- Active Directory LDAP - Skills Assessment
This module progresses you towards the following Paths
Hard 27 Sections
Cubes Required: 2500
Active Directory (AD) is widely used by companies across all verticals/sectors, non-profits, government agencies, and educational institutions of all sizes. By its nature, AD is easily misconfigured and has many inherent flaws and widely known vulnerabilities. Due to the sheer number of objects and in AD and complex intertwined relationships that form as an AD network grows, it becomes increasingly difficult to secure and presents a vast attack surface. AD environments can become quite large and often hold many obvious and more difficult to discover flaws. A deep understanding of AD enumeration techniques and tools is essential to becoming a well-rounded information security professional.
Medium 12 Sections
This module provides an overview of Active Directory (AD), introduces core AD enumeration concepts, and covers enumeration with built-in tools.Active Directory PowerView
Medium 9 Sections
This module covers AD enumeration focusing on the PowerView and SharpView tools. We will cover various techniques for enumerating key AD objects that will inform our attacks in later modules.Active Directory BloodHound
Medium 6 Sections
This module covers AD enumeration focusing on the BloodHound tool. We will cover various techniques for enumerating key AD objects that will inform our attacks in later modules.