Setting Up

Setting Up  Fundamental

This module covers topics that will help us be better prepared before conducting penetration tests. Preparations before a penetration test can often take a lot of time and effort, and this module shows how to prepare efficiently.

Created by Cry0l1t3

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This Module describes various technologies such as virtual machines and containers and how they can be set up to facilitate penetration testing activities. Preparation is a crucial stage before any penetration test. The configuration activities performed during preparation often take a lot of time, and this Module shows how this time can be effectively reduced to a minimum. We cover the basics of configuring VMs and how to harden them as well as how to set up a Virtual Private Server to make our structured and well-organized resources accessible from anywhere. Specifically, in this Module we will cover:

  • Organizing resources
  • Virtualization technologies
  • Containers
  • Setting up Linux and Windows VMs, and VPS
  • VPS hardening

As you work through the Module, you will see example commands and command output for the various topics introduced. It is worth reproducing as many of these examples as possible to reinforce further the concepts presented in each section.

You can start and stop the Module at any time and pick up where you left off. There is no time limit or "grading," but you must complete all of the exercises and the skills assessment to receive the maximum number of cubes and have this Module marked as complete in any paths you have chosen.

The Module is classified as "Fundamental" but assumes a working knowledge of the Linux command line and an understanding of information security fundamentals.

A firm grasp of the following modules can be considered prerequisites for successful completion of this Module:

  • Linux Fundamentals
  • Windows Fundamentals


  • Introduction
  • Organization
  • Virtualization
  • Containers
  • Linux
  • Windows
  • VPS Providers
  • VPS Setup
  • VPS Hardening

Relevant Paths

This module progresses you towards the following Paths

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Information Security Foundations

Easy 170 Sections

Cubes Required: 200

Information Security is a field with many specialized and highly technical disciplines. Job roles like Penetration Tester & Information Security Analyst require a solid technical foundational understanding of core IT & Information Security topics. This skill path is made up of modules that will assist learners in developing &/or strengthening a foundational understanding before proceeding with learning the more complex security topics. Every long-standing building first needs a solid foundation. Welcome to Information Security Foundations.

  Introduction to Academy

Fundamental 8 Sections

This module is recommended for new users. It allows users to become acquainted with the platform and the learning process.

  Learning Process

Fundamental 20 Sections

The learning process is one of the essential and most important components that is often overlooked. This module does not teach you techniques to learn but describes the process of learning adapted to the field of information security. You will learn to understand how and when we learn best and increase and improve your learning efficiency greatly.

  Setting Up

Fundamental 9 Sections

This module covers topics that will help us be better prepared before conducting penetration tests. Preparations before a penetration test can often take a lot of time and effort, and this module shows how to prepare efficiently.

  Linux Fundamentals

Fundamental 18 Sections

This module covers the fundamentals required to work comfortably with the Linux operating system and shell.

  Windows Fundamentals

Fundamental 14 Sections

This module covers the fundamentals required to work comfortably with the Windows operating system.

  Introduction to Windows Command Line

Easy 23 Sections

As administrators and Pentesters, we may not always be able to utilize a graphical user interface for the actions we need to perform. Introduction to Windows Command Line aims to introduce students to the wide range of uses for Command Prompt and PowerShell within a Windows environment. We will cover basic usage of both key executables for administration, useful PowerShell cmdlets and modules, and different ways to leverage these tools to our benefit.

  Introduction to Bash Scripting

Easy 10 Sections

This module covers the basics needed for working with Bash scripts to automate tasks on Linux systems. A strong grasp of Bash is a fundamental skill for anyone working in a technical information security role. Through the power of automation, we can unlock the Linux operating system's full potential and efficiently perform habitual tasks.

  Introduction to Networking

Fundamental 12 Sections

As an information security professional, a firm grasp of networking fundamentals and the required components is necessary. Without a strong foundation in networking, it will be tough to progress in any area of information security. Understanding how a network is structured and how the communication between the individual hosts and servers takes place using the various protocols allows us to understand the entire network structure and its network traffic in detail and how different communication standards are handled. This knowledge is essential to create our tools and to interact with the protocols.

  Intro to Network Traffic Analysis

Medium 15 Sections

Network traffic analysis is used by security teams to monitor network activity and look for anomalies that could indicate security and operational issues. Offensive security practitioners can use network traffic analysis to search for sensitive data such as credentials, hidden applications, reachable network segments, or other potentially sensitive information "on the wire." Network traffic analysis has many uses for attackers and defenders alike.

  Introduction to Active Directory

Fundamental 16 Sections

Active Directory (AD) is present in the majority of corporate environments. Due to its many features and complexity, it presents a vast attack surface. To be successful as penetration testers and information security professionals, we must have a firm understanding of Active Directory fundamentals, AD structures, functionality, common AD flaws, misconfigurations, and defensive measures.

  Introduction to Web Applications

Fundamental 17 Sections

In the Introduction to Web Applications module, you will learn all of the basics of how web applications work and begin to look at them from an information security perspective.

  Web Requests

Fundamental 8 Sections

This module introduces the topic of HTTP web requests and how different web applications utilize them to communicate with their backends.

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